SEVEN BACKYARDS HOME NORTH AMERICA:   Santa Monica Mts.   Valyermo   Kansas   Oregon   Arizona   AUSTRALIA:  South Australia   Western Australia
Seven Backyards
Moths...Moths...Moths...and their Habitats...and other stuff....
Several Long-Term Backyard
Studies in the U.S. and Australia


homereferencesglossary & abbreviationssuper- & sub-familiessynonymsmona #s links maps << previousarticles next >>
Moths of North America (MONA) or 'Hodges' Numbers
Several numbering systems for moths have been used in the past. Recently, 'Bar Codes' for moths using genetic sequence data have been proposed. The MONA numbers and the even older McDunnough Numbers ("McD#" in the species accounts) are used here as a way to link past and current taxonomic moth classifications with any future classifications; ideally, as the names change, the MONA numbers remain the same.

The is no consistent requirement for the use of MONA numbers, or any other numbering system: the Moth Photographers Group (MPG) uses MONA numbers, Opler and Powell in "The Moths of Western America", do not.

In the original MONA list, numbers ending in a lower-case letter ("a","b","c,", etc.) indicate a subspecies. That convention is followed for any subspecies listed on this site. The MPG uses decimal MONA numbers to insert new species into the MONA numbering system. That convention is also used on this site.
Seven Backyards

Preface

OVERVIEW

Moths and Memories

Dedication

Where Are the Specimens Now?

ASH CANYON FIRE (2011)


Background and Introduction

Elfin Forests, Worldwide: MAQUIS / FYNBOS / KWONGAN / MATORRAL / CHAPARRAL

About The Backyard Concept

Motivations: Why Publish This Material?

Summarizing How These Projects Evolved

About the Photographs

Bias in Photo Representation

Moth Identifications

Taxonomy & Classification (the names)

About Moth Families & Subfamilies

Some Thoughts About Moth Surveys

Abundance Ratings Defined (8 Categories)

About the Flight Periods

Interpretation of the Flight-Phenograms

Miscellaneous Comments on Black Lights

Peculiarities of Moth Activity

Prime Time = Full-Moon-Plus-Ten

How To Obtain Perfect (Moth) Specimens

To Kill Or Not To Kill??

Beating or Sweeping for Larvae

ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS & DETERMINATIONS

Miscellaneous Tidbits Dept.

PHOTO CREDITS