SEVEN BACKYARDS HOME NORTH AMERICA:     Santa Monica Mts.     Valyermo     Kansas     Oregon     Arizona     AUSTRALIA:   South Australia     Western Australia
Western Australian Studies
Noel McFarland (1971-1978)
BACKYARD 6 — GERALDTON, WEST AUSTRALIA

home Howatharra Botanical Photo Gallery Howatharra Plant Species List pdfs maps links
HOWATHARRA HILL: Comments on the PHOTOS in the GALLERY
These photos were all made between 1971-1978 -- the great majority of them between 1974-1977. The camera used (in all cases) was a 1965 model of the "Topcon RE Super" (S.L.R.). The 35mm. colour film used was (mostly) "Kodachrome 64" (64 ASA or ISO), along with quite a few Kodak "Ektachrome 64" (64 ASA or ISO) as well. During more than 3 decades in storage (under mostly ideal conditions), the Kodak color slides have not lost quality to any appreciable degree that I can detect; they could have been made last week!.... All of the scans from these slides were done in 2008-09.
By way of contrast, I also produced only a small number (thankfully!) of images using Ilford and Agfa color films (50 A.S.A. or I.S.O.) during the 1960's-70's, both of which brands have degraded badly during the same 3 decades of storage. The Agfa slides became so strongly suffused with violet or magenta as to be rendered essentially useless, and all of them have been thrown out (a total waste of money and effort)! The Ilford bias during degradation has been toward a distinct yellowish suffusion -- also now rendered essentially useless.... These latter (unstable) colour slides were stored under exactly the same conditions as were the above-described Kodak slides; they were even housed inside of the same (plastic) boxes, along with the latter!
Regarding the 4-digit collection-numbers (which began with "NM.1000" as the first entry for Howatharra Hill Reserve): These numbers were included with most of the collected specimens when pressed, which were later donated to the W.A. Herbarium (Dept. of Agriculture, then of George St., South Perth). I am deeply grateful to my two primary contacts there (during the 1970's) -- Paul Wilson and Alex George, who provided most of the plant determinations. Some of my specimens were also studied by Bruce Maslin (Acacia spp.) and Neville Marchant (sundews). Arthur Weston and Greg Keighery (Kings Park) also provided a few identifications from time-to-time.
My personal "mini-herbarium", containing small pressed samples of many Howatharra species (all housed in one box), was left with Marion and Roger Goldthorp (then of the White Peak district, Geraldton); the last address I had for them (Dec. 1988) was at 12 Grange Court, Yanchep (St. Andrews), a northern suburb of Perth.... During the 1970's, they were active members of the Geraldton Wildflower Society, when we were resident at Drummond Cove,and were occupied with the establishment of Howatharra Hill Reserve, and the documentation of the flora there. Help with the Howatharra project was also provided by Golda and Bernie Potter, Beryl and Ken Watson,and Elivra King -- all good friends, and enthusiastic G.W.S. members during the mid 1970's.
NOTE: Not all of the collected Howatharra plants were photographed (and also vice versa!).... Much more collecting and photography STILL remains to be done at Howatharra Hill, to attain anything like "complete" documentation of the native plants growing there. Wolfgang von Kehler (then of "Wolf's Watch Forum", Chapman Way Arcade, Geraldton) often visited Howatharra Hill during the early years, and he may have(?) accumulated an array of botanical photos from that district (1970's - 1980's). I would like to include some of them at this site, eventually, if any are available(??)........
Some of the dates given with the individual slides are often preceded by "E" (early:1st - 10th of the month); or "M" (mid: 11th-20th of the mo.); or "L" (late: 21st-31st of the mo.), and all of the photos presented in the gallery fall within the same eight-year period of 1971-1978. As an example, "L8/74" would be late AUG. 1974 (somewhere between the 21st-31st of the month); "M3/78" would imply mid MAR. 1978 (between the 11th-20th of the month), etc., etc.... Any more detailed date information is essentially meaningless (thus unnecessary), because the onset of annual rainfall in the Howatharra district can vary quite considerably from year-to-year, particularly with regard to the arrival of the first soaking rain of the impending autumn/winter wet season, which can sometimes commence as early as mid APRIL (rarely), or (more typically) sometime in MAY, or even as late as JUNE -- all depending on the year. Any (atypical) late summer/early autumn substantial downpour (between February and early April) can trigger the early flowering of some of the native Howatharra shrubs, but in most years this never happens.... Likewise, any premature or early termination of the "normal" winter rainfall pattern, can shorten or truncate the usual or "expected" flowering-season by 2-3 weeks at the other end (between +late Aug. - early Oct.).... At best, the peak-of-bloom (for most of the flora here), lasts only a few weeks, typically followed by a speedy dry-out, as the rains rapidly taper off, sometime between mid August to early September. Six to eight months of ever-intensifying drought are next on the agenda! This was (still is?) the "normal" cycle of this habitat....
6A — Nemopterid & Moth Studies

NEMOPTERID Study

Moth Study (CARTHAEA)


6B — Sidetracked by Stapeliads!

Sidetracked by Stapeliads!


6C — Howatharra Hill Reserve

HOWATHARRA HILL RESERVE

The EARLY HISTORY of HOWATHARRA HILL RESERVE near GERALDTON, WESTERN AUSTRALIA (1968-1988)

The Concept of So-Called "DEVELOPMENT"

HOWATHARRA: INTERPRETATION of the SPREADSHEET COLUMNS

HOWATHARRA HILL RESERVE: ABOUT the "ZONES" CREATED FOR DOCUMENTING LOCATIONS on the Reserve

HOWATHARRA HILL RESERVE: FLOWER COLOURS CODED

HOWATHARRA HILL RESERVE: Comments on the PHOTOS in the GALLERY

MORE PLANT DOCUMENTATION NEEDED at HOWATHARRA HILL RESERVE!

HOWATHARRA HILL RESERVE: BOTANICAL PHOTO GALLERY

FINAL COMMENT: The Fruits of "Progress"